Questionnaire for Field Measurements Prunings
Field data (Each questionnaire refers to one crop species cultivated per field)
Municipality :
Castrignano dé Greci (Lecce)

Latitude :
39.833

Longitude :
18.352


Field Size (ha)
0.45

Crop Species
olives
vineyards
apples
pears

peaches
apricot
nectarine
plum

cherries
oranges
tangerines
lemons

grapefruit
hazelnuts
chestnuts
almonds


Variety of crop
Coratina

Age of crop
40

Density of crop (trees/ha)
190

Width between cultivated rows (m)
7.5

Distance between trees (m)
7



Crop form


Crop forms for Olive

Ancient olives

Vase (1 stem)

Vase (2-3 stems from soil)

Bush (intensive 250-600 trees/ha)

Superintensive (>1500 trees/ha)

Standard



Soil Cover

Bare.No grass cover.
Tillage several times per year

Seasonal occurence.
Herbicides+mowing <50% soil cover

>50% grass cover.
Mowed several times per year

100% Grass cover.
Mowed several times per year


Crop Yield



Irrigation
rain fed
partial irrigation
fully irrigated
Pruning Operations Performed (prior to measurement)


Pruning Method
Only manually
Mechanised pre-pruning + manual
Fully mechanised

Frequency of pruning
annual
biannual
biennial
Once per years

Pruning Measurement
Date of Measurement (DD/MM/YY)
2011


Mode of measurementSpecify the method used for pruning measurement

Per tree

One or several single trees selected. Biomass per tree collected manually and weighted

Per parcel (e.g. 100m2) in bags

One or several parcels selected. Each parcel several trees.
Biomass per parcel collected manually and weighted

Per several rows (or in whole field)

On large parcel, or a whole field is selected.
Biomass collected and loaded to a truck. Weight of the load taken ia a scale for trucks

Ammount of prunings obtained (t/ha)Specify the tonnes per hectare of prunings collected from the crop
14
Losses of prunings that
weren't harvested (t/ha)

Moisture content (%)Specify the moisture content (%) of the biomass collected if available
22

References-External links:Provide references on which the information is based on or highlight any comments


Andrea Acampora, Sara Croce , Alberto Assirelli , Angelo Del Giudice , Raffaele Spinelli ,Alessandro Suardi , Luigi Pari ,   Product contamination and harvesting losses from mechanizedrecovery of olive tree pruning residues for energy use , Renewable Energy 53 (2013) 350- 353 Data obtained from EuroPruning Biomass Ratios Database, through the Task 3.1 and Deliverable D3.1 Mapping and analysis of the pruning biomass potential in Europe

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 691748