Questionnaire for Field Measurements Prunings
Field data (Each questionnaire refers to one crop species cultivated per field)
Municipality :
Cori (Latina)

Latitude :
41.644

Longitude :
12.909


Field Size (ha)
0.22

Crop Species
olives
vineyards
apples
pears

peaches
apricot
nectarine
plum

cherries
oranges
tangerines
lemons

grapefruit
hazelnuts
chestnuts
almonds


Variety of crop
Leccino

Age of crop
60

Density of crop (trees/ha)
100

Width between cultivated rows (m)
10

Distance between trees (m)
10



Crop form


Crop forms for Olive

Ancient olives

Vase (1 stem)

Vase (2-3 stems from soil)

Bush (intensive 250-600 trees/ha)

Superintensive (>1500 trees/ha)



Crop Yield



Irrigation
rain fed
partial irrigation
fully irrigated
Pruning Operations Performed (prior to measurement)

Type of pruning
Maintenance
Grafting

Structuring
Topping

Removal of old branches
Blooming



Pruning Method
Only manually
Mechanised pre-pruning + manual
Fully mechanised

Frequency of pruning
annual
biannual
biennial
Once per 3 years

Pruning Measurement
Date of Measurement (DD/MM/YY)
2008


Mode of measurementSpecify the method used for pruning measurement

Per tree

One or several single trees selected. Biomass per tree collected manually and weighted

Per parcel (e.g. 100m2) in bags

One or several parcels selected. Each parcel several trees.
Biomass per parcel collected manually and weighted

Per several rows (or in whole field)

On large parcel, or a whole field is selected.
Biomass collected and loaded to a truck. Weight of the load taken ia a scale for trucks

Ammount of prunings obtained (t/ha)Specify the tonnes per hectare of prunings collected from the crop
1.8
Losses of prunings that
weren't harvested (t/ha)

Moisture content (%)Specify the moisture content (%) of the biomass collected if available
41

References-External links:Provide references on which the information is based on or highlight any comments

Raffaele Spinelli , Natascia Magagnotti , Carla Nati , Claudio Cantini , Graziano Sani ,Gianni Picchi, Marcello Biocca, Integrating olive grove maintenance and energy biomassrecovery with a single-pass pruning and harvesting machine, Biomass and bioenergy 35 (2011) 808-813 Data obtained from EuroPruning Biomass Ratios Database, through the Task 3.1 and Deliverable D3.1 Mapping and analysis of the pruning biomass potential in Europe

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 691748