Questionnaire for Mechanized Collection Prunings
Field data (Each questionnaire refers to one crop species cultivated per field)
Municipality :
Astakos

Latitude :
38.4975

Longitude :
21.1536


Field Size (ha)
20

Crop Species
olives
vineyards
apples
pears

peaches
apricot
nectarine
plum

cherries
oranges
tangerines
lemons

grapefruit
hazelnuts
chestnuts
almonds

kiwi (ακτινίδια)


Variety of crop
Tsechelidis



Age of crop
7

Density of crop (trees/ha)
600

Width between cultivated rows (m)
5

Distance between trees (m)
3



Crop form


Crop forms for fruit trees

Natural

Vase

Bush/Globe (very small trees)

Spindle/Pyramid


Palm/Fan

Epsylon transversal



Slope (%)

0



Soil Cover

Bare.No grass cover.
Tillage several times per year

Seasonal occurence.
Herbicides+mowing <50% soil cover

>50% grass cover.
Mowed several times per year

100% Grass cover.
Mowed several times per year


Crop Yield
Average Crop yield (t/ha)
45

Crop yield before measurement (t/ha)Ammount of product obtained for the year that the pruning measurement is perfomed in tonnes per hectare
2.5


Irrigation
rain fed
partial irrigation
fully irrigated

Intensification degreeSpecify the amount of fertilizer and pesticides
organic
low
intermediate
high
Pruning Operations Performed
Type of pruning
Maintenance
Grafting

Structuring
Topping

Removal of old branches
Blooming



Pruning Method
Only manually
Mechanised pre-pruning + manual

Fully mechanised



Pruning OperationsSpecify the pruning operations that are carried out. Check as many as apply.

Manually
shears

Assisted
shears

Chainsaw/
armchainsaw


pre-pruner:hedge trimmer

pre-pruner:discs

pre-pruning topping


Season of pruning
January
February
March
April

May
June
July
August

September
October
November
December

Frequency of pruningCheck as many as apply
annual
biannual
biennial
Once per years

Mechanized Collection
Preparation of the field prior to harvesting

No preparation - prunings were left on the soil as they fall from tree

Centre-operatos position prunings on the center of the lane between tree rows

Centre alligned-operators position prunings in a specific position in center
(e.g. alligned with the direction of the row)

Previous windrowing-a tractor with windrower is used prior pruning harvester

Integrated windrower to the pruning machine


Harvesting methodsCheck according to the figures below the harvesting method that is used for the pruning biomass

Manual cross-cutting of firewood+gathering at field side

Forestry chipper towed by tractor + manual feeding

Hauling the branches + shredding/chipping at field side

Hauling the branches + baling at field side

Harvest with mulcher/chipper in front

Harvest with mulcher/chipper at rear

Harvest with rear mulcher/chipper and bin

Harvest with rear mulcher/chipper and big-bags

Automotive shredder/chipper with rear trailer

Harvest with standard hay baler

Harvest with rear baler prepare for wood or tree branches

Pre-pruning integrated with collection and mulching/chipping

Pre-pruning integrated with collection and mulching/chipping in an automotive machine



Type of pruning treatment and model of machinerySpecify the method that prunings are treated based on the outcome product and manufacturer-model of each machinery (windrower,mulcher,chipper,baler) that is used if applicable

Windrower-Machines that allign biomass in a row



Windrower (manufacturer-model)


Mulcher-big pieces. Machines that break the branches in big pieces.
Normally they are an evolution from the typical muchers/cruchers utilised to leave
the branches on the soil in pieces.

Mulcher (manufacturer-model)


Shredder - Produce finer material (hammers or hammers with a knive.Do not produce a clear cut)



Shredder (manufacturer-model)


Chipper - Clean cut. Resembles the typical form of forest woodchips



Chipper (manufacturer-model) FACMA COMBY TR200


Round bale

Baler (manufacturer-model)


Squared bale

Baler (manufacturer-model)


Processes SpecificationsSpecify the specifications of the processes (manpower,gross working time, productivity, fuel consumption)

Check as many as apply
Processes
Manpower
(Nr of persons)
Gross working time
(hr/ha)a
Productivity
(t/ha or t/hr)
Fuel consumption
(l/hr)

Manual Alignment

 2
 8
 
 

Windrowing

 
 
 
 

Integrated harvesting/treatment

 1
 2.08
 11.4 t/ha
 20

Hauling

 
 
 
 

Treatment at field side

 
 
 
 

Disposal/dumping of biomass

 1
 
 
 



End product propertiesSpecify the properties (moisture,bulk density,particle size,ash) of the prunings after treatment and harvesting, if known

Moisture (% a.r.)
 
Particle size (cm)
 

Bulk density (kg/m3)
 121
Ash content (% dry basis)
 
Contact Data
Name :
Koutsoupias Takis

Email :

Profession :
Farmer

Country :
Greece

Photos


References-External links:Provide references on which the information is based on or highlight any comments

It is the first demonstartion performed at 12/3/2018 by CERTH and INASO-PASEGES  in the region of Agrinio. 

For the needs of this demonstartion 1.2 ha of kiwi prunings were collected with the FACMA machinery. It is recorded that for these 1.2 ha, 3 trucks were needed. Every truck could transport prunings from 4 lines. It is also recorded that the tractor velocity was 1.3 km/hr and that 50 lt of oil were consumed for the tractor's needs. 

An average of a line's pass was 9 minutes while it needed only 4 minutes to complete a pass of 100m.

 

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 691748