Questionnaire for Mechanized Collection Prunings
Field data (Each questionnaire refers to one crop species cultivated per field)
Municipality :
Bolgrad

Latitude :
45.708

Longitude :
28.634


Field Size (ha)
25

Crop Species
olives
vineyards
apples
pears

peaches
apricot
nectarine
plum

cherries
oranges
tangerines
lemons

grapefruit
hazelnuts
chestnuts
almonds


Variety of crop
Odeskyi Chornyi



Age of crop
7-14

Density of crop (trees/ha)
2200

Width between cultivated rows (m)
3.0

Distance between trees (m)
1.5



Crop form


Crop forms for vineyard

Vase

Espalier

Marquee



Slope (%)

-



Soil Cover

Bare.No grass cover.
Tillage several times per year

Seasonal occurence.
Herbicides+mowing <50% soil cover

>50% grass cover.
Mowed several times per year

100% Grass cover.
Mowed several times per year


Crop Yield
Average Crop yield (t/ha)
12.0

Crop yield before measurement (t/ha)Ammount of product obtained for the year that the pruning measurement is perfomed in tonnes per hectare
12.0


Irrigation
rain fed
partial irrigation
fully irrigated

Intensification degreeSpecify the amount of fertilizer and pesticides
organic
low
intermediate
high
Pruning Operations Performed
Type of pruning
Maintenance
Grafting

Structuring
Topping

Removal of old branches
Blooming



Pruning Method
Only manually
Mechanised pre-pruning + manual

Fully mechanised



Pruning OperationsSpecify the pruning operations that are carried out. Check as many as apply.

Manually
shears

Assisted
shears

Chainsaw/
armchainsaw


pre-pruner:hedge trimmer

pre-pruner:discs

pre-pruning topping


Season of pruning
January
February
March
April

May
June
July
August

September
October
November
December

Frequency of pruningCheck as many as apply
annual
biannual
biennial
Once per years

Mechanized Collection
Preparation of the field prior to harvesting

No preparation - prunings were left on the soil as they fall from tree

Centre-operatos position prunings on the center of the lane between tree rows

Centre alligned-operators position prunings in a specific position in center
(e.g. alligned with the direction of the row)

Previous windrowing-a tractor with windrower is used prior pruning harvester

Integrated windrower to the pruning machine


Harvesting methodsCheck according to the figures below the harvesting method that is used for the pruning biomass

Manual cross-cutting of firewood+gathering at field side

Forestry chipper towed by tractor + manual feeding

Hauling the branches + shredding/chipping at field side

Hauling the branches + baling at field side

Harvest with mulcher/chipper in front

Harvest with mulcher/chipper at rear

Harvest with rear mulcher/chipper and bin

Harvest with rear mulcher/chipper and big-bags

Automotive shredder/chipper with rear trailer

Harvest with standard hay baler

Harvest with rear baler prepare for wood or tree branches

Pre-pruning integrated with collection and mulching/chipping

Pre-pruning integrated with collection and mulching/chipping in an automotive machine



Type of pruning treatment and model of machinerySpecify the method that prunings are treated based on the outcome product and manufacturer-model of each machinery (windrower,mulcher,chipper,baler) that is used if applicable

Windrower-Machines that allign biomass in a row



Windrower (manufacturer-model)


Mulcher-big pieces. Machines that break the branches in big pieces.
Normally they are an evolution from the typical muchers/cruchers utilised to leave
the branches on the soil in pieces.

Mulcher (manufacturer-model)


Shredder - Produce finer material (hammers or hammers with a knive.Do not produce a clear cut)



Shredder (manufacturer-model) DM-F-4 modified


Chipper - Clean cut. Resembles the typical form of forest woodchips



Chipper (manufacturer-model)


Round bale

Baler (manufacturer-model)


Squared bale

Baler (manufacturer-model)


Processes SpecificationsSpecify the specifications of the processes (manpower,gross working time, productivity, fuel consumption)

Check as many as apply
Processes
Manpower
(Nr of persons)
Gross working time
(hr/ha)a
Productivity
(t/ha or t/hr)
Fuel consumption
(l/hr)

Manual Alignment

 
 
 
 

Windrowing

 
 
 
 

Integrated harvesting/treatment

 
 
 
 

Hauling

 1
 1
 3
 8

Treatment at field side

 
 
 
 

Disposal/dumping of biomass

 
 
 
 



End product propertiesSpecify the properties (moisture,bulk density,particle size,ash) of the prunings after treatment and harvesting, if known

Moisture (% a.r.)
 <50
Particle size (cm)
 -

Bulk density (kg/m3)
 180
Ash content (% dry basis)
 2.7


Losses of biomass after harvesting
(%)
 5
or (tonnes/ha)
 


Problems encountered due to the field

Soil uneven
Slope


Stones
Too much grass


Problems encountered by the machines

Not suitable for the pruning
Manouvering


Unsuitable feeding system (biomass difficult to be conveyed)
Too much soil particles with the biomass to be treated


Problems in discharge


Performance of the machinery

The machinery was performing better than expected

The machinery was performing normally-typical expected

The machinery was underperforming
Value Chains
Indicate if your experience is based on an isolated test or if it based on an existing value chain:

My experience is just an experimental trial-machinery test

My experience is part of an existing value chain

References-External links:Provide references on which the information is based on or highlight any comments

uP_running project mechanized collection experience  performed by SECB, UCAB

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 691748