Questionnaire for Mechanized Collection Plantation Removal
Field data (Each questionnaire refers to one crop species cultivated per field)
Municipality :
Zhytnyky village

Latitude :
48.765

Longitude :
27.436


Field Size (ha)
15

Crop Species
olives
vineyards
apples
pears

peaches
apricot
nectarine
plum

cherries
oranges
tangerines
lemons

grapefruit
hazelnuts
chestnuts
almonds


Variety of crop
Slava Peremogy

Age of crop
45

Density (trees/ha)
330

Width between rows (m)
6.0

Distance between trees (m)
5.0



Crop form


Crop forms for fruit trees

Natural

Vase

Bush/Globe (very small trees)

Spindle/Pyramid


Palm/Fan

Epsylon transversal



Slope (%)

5



Soil Cover

Bare.No grass cover.
Tillage several times per year

Seasonal occurence.
Herbicides+mowing <50% soil cover

>50% grass cover.
Mowed several times per year

100% Grass cover.
Mowed several times per year


Crop Yield

Irrigation
rain fed
partial irrigation
fully irrigated

Intensification degreeSpecify the amount of fertilizer and pesticides
organic
low
intermediate
high
Plantation Removal Information
Were the plants removed at a typical age for such crops ?
Yes
Older than typical

Younger than typical
Don't know


Reason for plantation removal
Old age (renovation)
Change of crop

Change of variety
Change of planting pattern

Plant disease


Equipment for plantation removal
Felling with chainsaws
Uprooting whole tree with excavators

Shredding the whole tree (shredder mounted in front of tractor)



Intended use of the plantation Check how do you manage/use the plantation removal wood for each part of the plantation. Check as many as apply
Roots
Stems
Thick branches
Fine branches


Abandoned at field side

Burnt in fires at open air

Mulched as soil cover

Shredding and integration to soil

Firewood

Energy

Processed into pellets

Specify the minimum diameter you consider for 'thick' branches used as firewood (mm)

50

Mechanized Collection
Plantation Removal MethodCheck according to the figures below the uprooting method that is used.
Aereal part of the tree felled by operators with a chainsaw

Aereal part of the tree felled with a machinery

Only roots treated with an excavator/tractor with showel

Full tree up-rooted with excavator



Preparation of the wood prior to treatmentSpecify the method that plantation removal are prepared prior to treatment

No preparation - Trees are felled/up-rooted and left to be gathered by chipper

Trees in piles

Roots in piles

Trees are felled/up-rooted and left to be gathered by chipper


In case roots were collected for producing wood, did the operators shake the whole tree/roots stocks to detach soil before pilling or treatment ?
Yes
No



Specifications of preparation processes of biomassSpecify the manpower, productivity, fuel consumption needed in order to prepare the plantation removal for treatmen

Check as many as apply
Processes
Manpower
(Nr of persons)
Gross working time
(hr/ha)
Productivity
(t/ha or t/hr)
Fuel consumption
(l/hr)

Up-rooting whole trees (tree+root)

Felling the trees
1
4
6 t/h
12.5

Up-rooting roots

Preparing piles
12
32
0.8 t/h
1.3



Type of plantation treatment and model of machinerySpecify the method that plantation removed are treated based on the outcome product and manufacturer-model of each machinery (crusher, shredder, chipper) that is used if applicable.

Specify the theoritical-from 'catalog' volume of plantation per hour that can be processed by the machinery.

Check as many as apply

Crusher - Large pieces after breaking tree/roots


Crusher (manufacturer-model)
Farmer


Shredder - Produce finer material (hammers or knives, not clean cut)


Shredder (manufacturer-model)
Farmer


Chipper - Clean cut. Resembles the typical form of forest woodchips


Chipper (manufacturer-model) Hemmel RM41
Farmer


Treatment methodsCheck according to the figures below the treatment method that is used for the plantation removal biomass.

Check the process used for either "A":aerial part of the tree, "R":roots or "B": when both aerial part and roots (all tree) is processed together. IF A and R are collected and processed separately, check the corresponding boxes for each case.
Processes
Manpower
(Nr of persons)
Productivity
(t/ha or t/hr)
Fuel consumption
(l/hr)

Treatment of material with primary crushers
A
R
B







Treatment of material with screening
A
R
B







Treatment of material with shredders/chippers
A
R
B







Treatment of material with shredders/chippers with horizontal feeding table
A
R
B







Chipping of crunched pieces in a static chipper
A
R
B
2

3 t/h






End product propertiesSpecify the properties (moisture,bulk density,particle size,ash) of the prunings after treatment and harvesting, if known

Moisture (% a.r.)
34
Particle size (cm)
<5

Bulk density (kg/m3)
0.32
Ash content (% dry basis)
2


Losses of biomass after harvesting
(%)
10-15
or (tonnes/ha)


Problems encountered due to the field

Soil uneven
Slope


Stones
Too much grass


Problems encountered by the machines

Not suitable for the pruning
Manouvering


Unsuitable feeding system (biomass difficult to be conveyed)
Too much soil particles with the biomass to be treated


Problems in discharge


manual load


Performance of the machinery

The machinery was performing better than expected

The machinery was performing normally-typical expected

The machinery was underperforming
Value Chains
Indicate if your experience is based on an isolated test or if it based on an existing value chain:

My experience is just an experimental trial-machinery test

My experience is part of an existing value chain

References-External links:Provide references on which the information is based on or highlight any comments

uP_running project mechanized plantation removal  experience  performed by SECB, UCAB

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 691748