Questionnaire for Value chains - Prunings and Plantation Removal
Value chains : Prime mover and Main Characteristics
Stakeholder Type
Agrarian Cooperative
Public Institution
Final Consumer
Farmer Association
Agro Industry
Pellet Producer
Biomass Supplier

Location of Prime Mover

Municipality :
Valbueba de Duero

Latitude :

Longitude :

Type of Residue used in value chain
Plantation Removal

Crop Species used in Value Chain




Total Plantation Area involved in the Value Chain (ha)
50 ha

Typical APPR biomass production (tonnes/year)

Start Date of the APPR value chain (Month-Year)
Key success Factors in Value Chain
Keys of successSelect the key success factors of your value chain in scale 0-3. Then indicate the 3 most crucial factors.

Check as many as apply
Factor Group Description Check the influence in success:(0)-Not relevant;(1)-May have influenced;(2)-Important for success;(3)It was crucial;(?)-Unknown Check the 3 most crucial factors in WHOLE table
0 1 2 3 ?
There was an important effort in determing the feasibility and planning prior starting the business
The implementation of the chain considered the target consumers and their quality requirements
The implementation of the chain considered the target consumers and their quality requirements
Product Quality
Biomass was labelled or certified according to existing standards
The quality of the biomass product is object of an assurance process
Permanent crop plantations are quite extended. The use of the agrarian residues for biomass was regarded by community as quite beneficial
There was an intense information campaign to promote social acceptance
Argarian residues utilisation for energy was subject of debate by policy makers and/or by social groups in months, or years before the investment was done
Important program for sustainability of the winery
There was already a mature market of biomass
There was a shortage of usual biomass resources
There was a high increase of biomass demand (e.g. new power plants opened, increase og household biomass heating)
The price of biomass locally rose, and made biomass residues of economic interest
Target biomass market was stable and secure
Local Capacities
There was a recent reconversion of a sector (mining, metal industry etc.) leading to a high need of re-orientate economic activities. Biomass was one of the targeted new economic activities
There was already service companies/persons with capacities to start new biomass chains on prunings/plantation removal
There was a campaign of information for biomass procurement
Pruning and/or agricultural residues were quite an issue in the course
Pruning Management
The management of the pruning/plantation removal is recognised to be expensive. Farmers found pruning for energy a good idea
There were already experiences in mobilisation/treatment of prunings/plantation removal (pilot experience etc.)
The high density of permanent crops plantations in the area
There is strict regulation making compulsory treatment/management of the residues
Lobbying of stakeholder groups caused policy makers to promote changes in regulation
The subject of argarian residues for energy was subject of new supporting measures
Enviromental regulations placed funds for subsidising partly pruning/plantation removal collection
The biomass consumption sector leading to pruning/plantation removal utilisation was subject of recent support for expansion
Availability of financial support (loan guarantees, green banks, etc.)
There was a combined initiative supported for LIFE (or equicalent) programs (for GHG reduction, for improving competitiveness, etc.)
There were published plans and/or roadmaps for biomass utilisation (including pruning/plantation removal utilisation)
There were clear objectives in mind of policy makers for utilisation of pruning or argarian residues
Existence of public initiative as pioneer in pruning/plantation removal utilisation leading to investment in public infrastructure (e.g. private/public consortium to use pruning for heating in public schools)
There were special taxation for the pruning/biomass (or agricultural residue) utilisation
There was a public media campaign to boost utilisation of prunings/biomass (e.g. in common by various city councils, or various countries)
The use of pruning/plantation removal was integrated with other enviromental/public strategies (e.g. landscaping conservation of vineyar scenery)
There was a ban to burn agricultural residues by open fires
Logistics Chain
There were pre-existent collaborations established between farmers sector and biomass cosumers/traders
The introduction of new technologies (machine, handling systems, logistic chain) supported the implementation of new chains
Private investment for entepreneurs was incentivised

Short summary of the initiative (<100 words)
Bodegas Emina is a winery of the Matarromera Group sited in Valbuena de Duero, inside the PDO Ribera del Duero, in Spauin. The facilities of the winery were built in 2005. In this year the Matarromera Group was already promoting the “Matarromera sostenible” program, which pursued a more environmentally friendly and sustainable practice in their wine production. Among others the program targeted the reduction of wastes and emissions. Thanks to a IDAE-ICO program funds in 2005 they started a feasibility study and the investment in a new facility for producing heat out of vineyard pruning. The first step was the research in the energy content and costs reduction that the pruning biomass could provide. Bodegas Emina was supported by CARTIFF technology centre for such purpose. They detected as potential biomass resources not only pruning wood but also wood from palets or barrels. They realized the good energy content of pruning wood with circa 4000 kcal/kg and ash content (in dry basis) <3.5%. Given the favorable conditions they started the facility on biomass with a multifuel boiler of Brand Solé (Spanish manufacturer) of 200 kW able to admit biomass with up to 25% moisture (Solé S.A. model SOL-104-C1). The logistics are organized as next. The manual pruning is performed every year in November-December. Then the pruning is raked out the fields with tractors. The pruning is let for some months to dry outside. When the moisture has decreased is then shredded with a manual shredder which is towed from field to field and accompanied with the trailer where the biomass is discharged. The biomass is fed to a 16 m3 silo every 2-3 weeks. In the beginning Bodegas Emina purchased a chipper, but realized that due to the fibrous and flexible behavior of the pruning the material produced was not adequate. A small retrofitting was performed to combine the chipping system with a shredding system with hammers, which produces a material of adequate quality. The winery uses both forestry woodchips and pruning wood adding a total of 140 t/year. The share of pruning is low, but it allows a CO2 reduction by itself of 47 t CO2 per year. Bodegas Emina estimates that the savings in personnel, hours tractor and other equipment, together with the savings of fuel (previously LPG - liquefied petroleum gas) are about 50,000 €/yr (this including the total savings caused by vineyard pruning and forestry wood), which is equivalent to 9c€/kWh.

Actors and Roles in Value Chain

Fuel Specifications
Final form of Biomass prior to Exploitation
Bales of branches
Wood chips
Hog fuel-shredded

Max Content of Moisture (% a.r.)
Value Chain Details and Prices of fuels
Industrial heating
Public-private buildings
Distributed heat networks
Biomass to Market

Distance between biomass production and its final use (km)
< 5km

Storage options

On-farm storage

Intermediate storage prior transporting to end user

Direct delivery and storage at final user

No storage

Ownership of the APPR harvesting machinery
Farmer's community
3rd party-private

The winery Emina

Have you filled the questionnaire about mechanized pruning/plantation removal ?
Contact Data
Name :
Daniel García Galindo

Email :

Company/Organisation :
CIRCE Foundation

Website (of the company or the APPR initiative) :

Country :



This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 691748