Questionnaire for Value chains - Prunings and Plantation Removal
Value chains : Prime mover and Main Characteristics
Stakeholder Type
Agrarian Cooperative
Public Institution
Final Consumer
Farmer Association
Agro Industry
Pellet Producer
Biomass Supplier

Location of Prime Mover

Municipality :

Latitude :

Longitude :

Type of Residue used in value chain
Plantation Removal

Crop Species used in Value Chain




Typical APPR biomass production (tonnes/year)
Key success Factors in Value Chain
Keys of successSelect the key success factors of your value chain in scale 0-3. Then indicate the 3 most crucial factors.

Check as many as apply
Factor Group Description Check the influence in success:(0)-Not relevant;(1)-May have influenced;(2)-Important for success;(3)It was crucial;(?)-Unknown Check the 3 most crucial factors in WHOLE table
0 1 2 3 ?
There was an important effort in determing the feasibility and planning prior starting the business
The implementation of the chain considered the target consumers and their quality requirements
The implementation of the chain considered the target consumers and their quality requirements
Product Quality
Biomass was labelled or certified according to existing standards
The quality of the biomass product is object of an assurance process
Permanent crop plantations are quite extended. The use of the agrarian residues for biomass was regarded by community as quite beneficial
There was an intense information campaign to promote social acceptance
Argarian residues utilisation for energy was subject of debate by policy makers and/or by social groups in months, or years before the investment was done
There was already a mature market of biomass
There was a shortage of usual biomass resources
There was a high increase of biomass demand (e.g. new power plants opened, increase og household biomass heating)
The price of biomass locally rose, and made biomass residues of economic interest
Target biomass market was stable and secure
Local Capacities
There was a recent reconversion of a sector (mining, metal industry etc.) leading to a high need of re-orientate economic activities. Biomass was one of the targeted new economic activities
There was already service companies/persons with capacities to start new biomass chains on prunings/plantation removal
There was a campaign of information for biomass procurement
Pruning Management
The management of the pruning/plantation removal is recognised to be expensive. Farmers found pruning for energy a good idea
There were already experiences in mobilisation/treatment of prunings/plantation removal (pilot experience etc.)
The high density of permanent crops plantations in the area
There is strict regulation making compulsory treatment/management of the residues
Lobbying of stakeholder groups caused policy makers to promote changes in regulation
The subject of argarian residues for energy was subject of new supporting measures
Enviromental regulations placed funds for subsidising partly pruning/plantation removal collection
The biomass consumption sector leading to pruning/plantation removal utilisation was subject of recent support for expansion
Availability of financial support (loan guarantees, green banks, etc.)
There was a combined initiative supported for LIFE (or equicalent) programs (for GHG reduction, for improving competitiveness, etc.)
There were published plans and/or roadmaps for biomass utilisation (including pruning/plantation removal utilisation)
There were clear objectives in mind of policy makers for utilisation of pruning or argarian residues
Existence of public initiative as pioneer in pruning/plantation removal utilisation leading to investment in public infrastructure (e.g. private/public consortium to use pruning for heating in public schools)
There were special taxation for the pruning/biomass (or agricultural residue) utilisation
There was a public media campaign to boost utilisation of prunings/biomass (e.g. in common by various city councils, or various countries)
The use of pruning/plantation removal was integrated with other enviromental/public strategies (e.g. landscaping conservation of vineyar scenery)
There was a ban to burn agricultural residues by open fires
Logistics Chain
There were pre-existent collaborations established between farmers sector and biomass cosumers/traders
The introduction of new technologies (machine, handling systems, logistic chain) supported the implementation of new chains
Private investment for entepreneurs was incentivised

Short summary of the initiative (<100 words)
The associated companies process the olives of around 60,000 farmers who grow more than 350,000 hectares of olive trees. One of its members, BIOMASA DE LA SUBBÉTICA, S.L., is in charge of managing the activities related to the pruning, particularly pre-chipping, chipping and transporting the pruning to the power plants. In this regard, among its members, it´s also important to highlight the existence of a number of agro-industrial complex, located in different locations in the Andalusian geography, in which are held all thenecessary industrial processes, culminating in a full use of olive by-products. The biomass generated by all its members that want to deliver their pruning to the cooperative (and, in occasions, it´s necessary to buy additional biomass from other providers) is used in such an agro-industrial complex of the cooperative for electricity production. These power plants are OLEÍCOLA EL TEJAR, S.C.A., AGROENERGÉTICA DE BAENA, S.L., AGROENERGÉTICA DE PALENCIANA, S.L. and VETEJAR, S.L. This business line is increasing since the members of the cooperative are also increasing.

Actors and Roles in Value Chain

Fuel Specifications
Final form of Biomass prior to Exploitation
Bales of branches
Wood chips
Hog fuel-shredded

Max Content of Moisture (% a.r.)

Min LHV (kj/kg a.r.)
3200 kcal/kg
Value Chain Details and Prices of fuels
Industrial heating
Public-private buildings
Distributed heat networks
Biomass to Market

Electrical cogeneration wit biomass with a boiler moving grate 25 MWe

Distance between biomass production and its final use (km)

Storage options

On-farm storage

Intermediate storage prior transporting to end user

Direct delivery and storage at final user

No storage

Ownership of the APPR harvesting machinery
Farmer's community
3rd party-private

X Agro-service company

Prices of fuels sold to final consumers

Price of APPR biomass (€/t)
55 €/t shredder (3600 kcal/kg) 42 €/t pre-sheredder (3200 kcal/kg)

Price of regular woodchips (€/t)

Price of ENPLUS pellets (bulk-€/t)

Price of domestinc heating gasoil (€/l)

Contact Data
Company/Organisation :

Website (of the company or the APPR initiative) :

Country :


References-External links:Provide references on which the information is based on or highlight any comments

It is necessary to optimize storage parks and pruning treatment in order to improve the quality 
of this and, at the same time, it could be possible to achieve a more competitive biomass.
Moreover, it is necessary to improve the machinery for harvesting and pre-shredding
pruning in the field to reduce costs.
External link: (Deliverable report 5.1.)

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 691748