Questionnaire for Value chains - Prunings and Plantation Removal
Value chains : Prime mover and Main Characteristics
Stakeholder Type
Farmer
Agrarian Cooperative
Public Institution
Agro-Services
Final Consumer
Farmer Association
ESCO
Agro Industry
Pellet Producer
Biomass Supplier

Electric power generation plant

Location of Prime Mover

Municipality :
Puente Genil

Latitude :
37.449671

Longitude :
-4.811557



Type of Residue used in value chain
Pruning
Plantation Removal
Both


Crop Species used in Value Chain
olives
vineyards
apples
pears

peaches
apricot
nectarine
plum

cherries
oranges
tangerines
lemons

grapefruit
hazelnuts
chestnuts
almonds


Typical APPR biomass production (tonnes/year)
30000

Start Date of the APPR value chain (Month-Year)
2005
Key success Factors in Value Chain
Keys of successSelect the key success factors of your value chain in scale 0-3. Then indicate the 3 most crucial factors.

Check as many as apply
Factor Group Description Check the influence in success:(0)-Not relevant;(1)-May have influenced;(2)-Important for success;(3)It was crucial;(?)-Unknown Check the 3 most crucial factors in WHOLE table
0 1 2 3 ?
Project
There was an important effort in determing the feasibility and planning prior starting the business
The implementation of the chain considered the target consumers and their quality requirements
The implementation of the chain considered the target consumers and their quality requirements
Product Quality
Biomass was labelled or certified according to existing standards
The quality of the biomass product is object of an assurance process
Community
Permanent crop plantations are quite extended. The use of the agrarian residues for biomass was regarded by community as quite beneficial
There was an intense information campaign to promote social acceptance
Argarian residues utilisation for energy was subject of debate by policy makers and/or by social groups in months, or years before the investment was done
Market
There was already a mature market of biomass
There was a shortage of usual biomass resources
There was a high increase of biomass demand (e.g. new power plants opened, increase og household biomass heating)
The price of biomass locally rose, and made biomass residues of economic interest
Target biomass market was stable and secure
Local Capacities
There was a recent reconversion of a sector (mining, metal industry etc.) leading to a high need of re-orientate economic activities. Biomass was one of the targeted new economic activities
There was already service companies/persons with capacities to start new biomass chains on prunings/plantation removal
There was a campaign of information for biomass procurement
Pruning Management
The management of the pruning/plantation removal is recognised to be expensive. Farmers found pruning for energy a good idea
There were already experiences in mobilisation/treatment of prunings/plantation removal (pilot experience etc.)
The high density of permanent crops plantations in the area
Regulation
There is strict regulation making compulsory treatment/management of the residues
Lobbying of stakeholder groups caused policy makers to promote changes in regulation
Support
The subject of argarian residues for energy was subject of new supporting measures
Enviromental regulations placed funds for subsidising partly pruning/plantation removal collection
The biomass consumption sector leading to pruning/plantation removal utilisation was subject of recent support for expansion
Availability of financial support (loan guarantees, green banks, etc.)
There was a combined initiative supported for LIFE (or equicalent) programs (for GHG reduction, for improving competitiveness, etc.)
Policy
There were published plans and/or roadmaps for biomass utilisation (including pruning/plantation removal utilisation)
There were clear objectives in mind of policy makers for utilisation of pruning or argarian residues
Existence of public initiative as pioneer in pruning/plantation removal utilisation leading to investment in public infrastructure (e.g. private/public consortium to use pruning for heating in public schools)
There were special taxation for the pruning/biomass (or agricultural residue) utilisation
There was a public media campaign to boost utilisation of prunings/biomass (e.g. in common by various city councils, or various countries)
The use of pruning/plantation removal was integrated with other enviromental/public strategies (e.g. landscaping conservation of vineyar scenery)
There was a ban to burn agricultural residues by open fires
Logistics Chain
There were pre-existent collaborations established between farmers sector and biomass cosumers/traders
The introduction of new technologies (machine, handling systems, logistic chain) supported the implementation of new chains
Private investment for entepreneurs was incentivised



Short summary of the initiative (<100 words)
SACYR INDUSTRIAL is a of SACYR group company dedicated to exploit renewable energy plants among which are two power plants which are using biomass combustion: Biomasas de Puente Genil of 9.7 MW and Bioeléctrica de Linares of 15 MW. Initially,they had three of them but the sold one in 2011. The initiative of using biomass to generate electricity was the result of several factors among others: the environmental importance of adding value to this kind of residues; the easy availability to the prunings because the zone where they started this activity is the largest surface of olive trees in the world, even with a high percentage grown with localized irrigation that brings a high efficiency; the proximity to other forestry residues; the possibility of use existing companies dedicated to manage forestry and agricultural residues and, of course, to enhance the sustainability not only from the environmental point of view but also in economic terms and social terms increasing the manpower. These plants are currently consuming 220,000 tons of biomass, mainly olive pomace and olive pruning.


Actors and Roles in Value Chain

Fuel Specifications
Final form of Biomass prior to Exploitation
Bales of branches
Wood chips
Hog fuel-shredded
Pellets


Max Content of Moisture (% a.r.)
10-35%
Value Chain Details and Prices of fuels
End-users
Self-consumption
Industrial heating
Public-private buildings
Distributed heat networks
Biomass to Market

Electric power generation plant 9.7 MWe



Storage options

On-farm storage

Intermediate storage prior transporting to end user

Direct delivery and storage at final user

No storage


Ownership of the APPR harvesting machinery
Farmer
Farmer's community
Leasing
Municipality-public
3rd party-private

Agro-service company



Prices of fuels sold to final consumers

Price of APPR biomass (€/t)
Pre-shredder From 24 (35 % moisture) to 37 €/t (10 % moisture)

Price of regular woodchips (€/t)

Price of ENPLUS pellets (bulk-€/t)

Price of domestinc heating gasoil (€/l)

Contact Data
Company/Organisation :
BIOMASAS DE PUENTE GENIL

Website (of the company or the APPR initiative) :
http://www.sacyrindustrial.com

Country :
Spain

Photos


References-External links:Provide references on which the information is based on or highlight any comments

Pruning is delivered pre-shredded to the plant and then is shredded in the storage park of the plant with machinery owned by Sacyr Industrial
Purchase prices in our plants are being the same for several years and in the near future it is not expected they change.
Every year we consume more olive pruning instead of the olive pomace we usually consumed.
External link: www.europruning.eu (Deliverable report 5.1.)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6WMfpZ3l8Wk

This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 691748